Features of symptoms and treatment of chronic chlamydia
There are several venereal pathologies that have an almost imperceptible course. Launched chlamydia (aka chronic) is characterized by a latent course, with periodic exacerbations. It destroys the human body, causing infertility. In 50% of cases, female infertility is due to it.
Chlamydia is a group of infections that is transmitted by contact of mucous membrane secretions from one person to another. It can affect the throat, rectum, urethra, or vagina. The main route of transmission is unprotected sex. Chlamydia are of two types:
- causing ornithosis infection, which equally affects people, birds and animals;
- more than 15 varieties of bacteria that cause urinary tract infections.
According to statistics, 15% of the world’s population suffer from chlamydial infection in one form or another. This is the most common sexually transmitted disease. Its danger is that it is asymptomatic for some time and can be detected only during an exacerbation. The infection causes many pathologies that are difficult to treat.
Important! In the L-form, the disease occurs when chlamydia build up a cell wall, escaping from human immunity cells. The first two years there are signs of a chronic infection, and then it becomes even more difficult to identify the disease, since it acts from the inside.
Causes and signs of infection
First of all, you need to understand how chlamydia is transmitted in men or women. A person can become infected with chlamydia in several ways.
- Domestic way – through fresh secretions left on bath accessories, through the shelves in the sauna, which were in contact with the patient’s genitals. The peculiarity of this infection is that it is quite stable in a humid and warm environment. If you do not use condoms, then infection occurs in 60% of cases.
- In a vertical way – infectious agents have the ability to be transmitted from mother to child. That is why the sick mother is carefully treated, especially in the last third trimester.
- Sexually – from a carrier or an infected partner. It doesn’t matter what kind of unprotected sex you had with him. Chlamydia take root well on any mucous membranes.
Most often, patients do not even notice that they have developed a chlamydial infection. It runs without any signs. It can be confused with cystitis or thrush. The main symptoms are as follows:
- discharge from the vagina or urethra with a yellowish or whitish tint;
- redness of the labia or head of the penis;
- frequent diseases of the upper respiratory tract;
- sharp pain during defecation;
- pain in the eyes;
- pain in the joints.
Such symptoms are noticeable only when the pathology has become chronic. It is not obvious, so often the disease is detected only after the examination. The reason for its implementation is other complaints or ordinary prevention.
How does the disease progress in men?
In men, signs of infection with chlamydia do not immediately appear – it takes some time for the infection to multiply. After the incubation period, the disease passes into one of the forms – acute or latent. In half of the cases, it is impossible to understand before exacerbation that a person is sick.
As soon as the disease enters an acute stage, a man may notice:
- subfebrile body temperature (about 37.5 degrees);
- discharge from the urethra: vitreous, purulent, mucous;
- malaise and weakness during the day;
- discomfort during urination: burning, itching, irritation;
- ejaculation with little blood;
- pain in the lumbar and groin areas;
- turbidity of the urine.
Most often, with chronic chlamydia in men, symptoms are not felt for long. The exacerbation quickly passes, treatment at this time begins only 25% of people. The development of infection adversely affects human health. Gradually, immunity deteriorates, other pathologies are triggered: autoimmune processes, prostatitis or arthritis develops. The man becomes infertile. Only a urologist can diagnose the disease after laboratory tests.
How can you determine the disease in women?
Symptoms of chlamydia in women in the L-form appear in only a third of women. The danger of latent flow is that even a smear from the walls of the vagina may not detect an infection.
With rare exacerbations, symptoms appear:
- a slight increase in temperature for no apparent reason from 37 to 37.5 degrees;
- pain in the lower back and lower abdomen;
- discomfort and frequent desire to empty the bladder;
- cramps at the beginning of the excretion of urine;
- discharge with a pungent odor: mucopurulent , yellowish or white;
- irritation of the genital mucosa, severe itching;
- spotting from the cervix after intercourse;
- cervical erosion.
Most often, exacerbations occur during pregnancy. One of the main signs of infection is intense itching and discharge. The danger of infection is that it can cause miscarriage or intrauterine death of the unborn child. Chlamydia can lead to early discharge of water, as well as diseases of the newborn. The woman herself has a special type of fever after childbirth, which greatly worsens her well-being.
Important! In young girls who are not preparing to become mothers, the infection leads to the formation of adhesions of the urethra or fallopian tubes, causes endometritis, salpingitis. In advanced cases, infertility appears.
There are several diseases that lead to the latent reproduction of bacteria in the body:
- prostatitis, vesiculitis, orchitis, epididymitis and balanoposthitis in men;
- cervical erosion, colpitis , cervicitis, bartholinitis , endometritis, inflammation of the fallopian tubes, regular spontaneous abortions in women;
- cysts in the genitals and glands;
- arthritis and other joint damage;
- decrease in sexual desire;
Sometimes you can notice a skin rash of unknown origin and the defeat of almost all organs and systems of the body by bacteria. Such a large-scale penetration lowers the quality of life, makes the patient tired, apathetic. The longer chlamydia will multiply in the body, the more severe the consequences will be and the more difficult the treatment.
Important! The most common consequence is Reiter’s disease: it simultaneously affects the joints, the conjunctiva of the eyes and the urogenital organ system.
Therapy of the disease
The bacterium is very resistant to antibacterial drugs. It is most difficult to cure it in those patients who previously took antibiotics, but did not complete the entire course. Also, the reason for the resistance of the pathogen to therapy is the wrong choice of drugs in the primary treatment. If you used medications on your own, without a doctor’s prescription, then the disease might not disappear, but go into a latent form.
The course of treatment is built in such a way as not only to destroy the pathogen, but also to restore the body’s defenses. It is very difficult to compose it. The doctor preliminarily conducts a diagnosis, which includes a test for antibiotics.
Important! Chronic chlamydial infection is treated only at the stage of exacerbation.
What drugs are used for treatment?
Only a doctor will help get rid of a neglected disease. Men with the slightest symptoms of the disease should go to a urologist, and women to a gynecologist. Prescribed drugs from the series:
- Antibacterial agents, the main role in eliminating the invasion of chlamydia is given to them. Most often, antibiotics of two types are prescribed, which are suitable based on the findings of a special test.
Vilprafen in chronic chlamydia is one of the most common remedies. It is prescribed for women and men.
« Wilprafen Solutab “is able to penetrate the dense shell of the chlamydia cell and destroy it from the inside. It has earned excellent reviews from experts.
- Probiotics are needed to protect the intestines after antibiotic treatment, because these drugs destroy not only pathogenic microflora, but also useful ones;
- Immunomodulators are used from the first day of conservative treatment, they spur the body’s defenses;
- Hepatoprotectors must also be used due to aggressive antibiotic therapy. They trigger the liver’s ability to recover;
- Enzymes consist of components of plant and animal origin. They help to concentrate the drug in the foci of accumulation of chlamydia.
Important! It is strictly forbidden to use folk remedies for chlamydia of any type.
The duration of treatment and the dosage of funds depends on the degree of neglect of the process. Most often, doctors select a combination of medicines that need to be taken at the site of infection accumulation – on the mucous membranes of the genital organs, administered intravenously or intramuscularly, tablets or capsules for oral administration. Physiotherapy speeds up the healing process.
Recovery period and prevention
After the main therapy, it is necessary to proceed to the recovery course. It allows you to consolidate the result of the use of drugs and achieve recovery:
- organs of the reproductive system (antioxidants and hormonal drugs);
- immunity (interferons and multivitamin complexes);
- metabolism (antioxidants);
- intestinal microflora ( prebiotics and probiotics);
- liver function (hepatoprotectors).
Treatment should be carried out in both partners at the same time, but complete sexual rest should be maintained. The patient needs to eat right, refrain from drinking alcohol, adhere to a strict treatment regimen, otherwise bacterial pathology can be triggered.
Important! It is easier to try not to catch any venereal disease than to treat it later.
Prevention helps reduce the risk of getting a chlamydial infection. To do this, you need to protect yourself during sexual intercourse with casual partners. If you’re in a serious relationship, it’s best to find out ahead of time how clean your partner is. Don’t share your personal belongings with anyone, maintain general hygiene and visit your doctor regularly, don’t forget to get tested for infections.
There is an opinion that it is impossible to get rid of chronic chlamydia. In fact, this is not so – even in a latent form, the disease is curable. With systemic therapy, the course of which lasts as long as it should, the spread of the infection can be stopped, and it can be destroyed without a trace. Due to the fact that there is no risk of dying from the reproduction of chlamydia, patients do not seek to quickly begin treatment. It requires a lot of time and money, but after the course there is a significant relief. You can achieve this result in 4-6 weeks.