Sexual Infections in Men
Sexual infections in men develop mainly due to unprotected sexual contact due to the penetration of viruses and bacteria into the body. With good immunity of the body, most of these diseases tend to be latent and they are detected during screening or when they affect other organs, leading to inflammation of various localization (for example, urethritis, prostatitis, vesiculitis, cystitis, orchitis, epididymitis, etc.) or, more sadly, premature ejaculation, decreased erectile function, up to impotence and in some cases to infertility.
Common sexual infections in men
In total, there are several dozen sexual infections, the most common of which are:
- Syphilis (the activator – Treponema Palidum)
- Chlamydia (pathogen – Chlamydia trachomatis)
- Gonorrhea or gonorrhea (pathogen is Neisseria Gonorrea)
- Genital herpes (pathogen – Herpes simplex virus 1 / type 2)
- Trichomoniasis (pathogen – Trichomonas vaginalis)
- The human papilloma virus (pathogen – HPV (HPV))
- Gardnerellosis (pathogen – Gardnerella vaginalis)
- The Mycoplasma (pathogen – Mycoplasma genitalum / hominis)
- Cytomegalovirus (pathogen-Cytomegalovirus) and others.
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All these diseases pose a serious threat not only to the male body, but also to the body of his partner. Against the background of a long-term inflammatory process, healthy cells of the organs are damaged, from which new, but already atypical cells grow, which is the beginning of cancer.
The main route of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases is any kind of sexual contact. The more often a man changes sexual partners, the higher the risk of infection. At the same time, you can get several infections at once. Sometimes diseases of the sexual sphere can also be obtained through domestic contact with an infected person. So, even children who, for example, sleep in the same bed with infected parents can become infected. Infection also occurs when using general hygiene products.
Infection of the genitals is possible when visiting public swimming pools, saunas and baths. As a rule, in this case, men with weakened immune systems and the elderly are most at risk.
As already mentioned, many of the sexual infections are not characterized by any pronounced clinical manifestations until the damage to the body becomes very significant. As a rule, a man who has contracted a sexually transmitted disease may notice the following symptoms:
- Minor discomfort or occasional discomfort in the groin area;
- Discomfort in the pubic area or in the lower abdomen;
- Discomfort or discomfort in the perineum;
- Cramps and pain during urination;
- About or frequent urination;
- The need to urinate in the night;
- Itching in the genital area;
- The appearance of rash or redness of the glans penis and the foreskin;
- Discharge from the urethra;
- Discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse;
- Premature ejaculation;
- The decline in sexual function;
- The emergence of education in the genital skin.
One of the most typical symptoms of all latent infections — pain, discomfort,redness or discharge at the beginning can independently pass without any help due to immunity. But if they reappear and last for more than 5 days, this is the call of the body’s help.
If the body simultaneously develops several sexual infections, or re-infections (due to repeated infection with frequent sexual contacts and a large number of sexual partners) and there is no adequate comprehensive treatment, the disease often turns into a chronic form.
It is important to remember that there is no immunity to STIs and each of us can get infected. And if there has already been unprotected contact and there are any doubts or suspicions, then we recommend contacting a doctor.
Sexual infections in men and problems with conception
As mentioned above, sexual infections can lead to problems with conceiving a child or infertility. The fact is that pathogenic microorganisms present in the body of a man, first of all, have a negative impact on the quality of sperm, causing impaired sperm motility. In addition, the morphological properties of sperms also change in a negative way.
Some sexual infections with a long course can lead to a violation of the patency of the vas deferens, which also prevents normal conception. Infertility can also develop due to complications of sexual diseases, such as orchoepidymitis, prostatitis, the presence of white blood cells in sperm, etc.
We must not forget that, being infected, a man can infect his partner. Inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs are just as dangerous for women as for men, causing serious complications and infertility.
Diagnosis and treatment in our clinic
Experienced specialists of our clinic will make a competent examination plan to detect sexually transmitted infections, as well as prescribe the necessary treatment.
To clarify the diagnosis, we use effective methods of laboratory diagnostics:
- PCR diagnostics
- DNA diagnostics
- Enzyme immunoassay
- Bacterial culture.
The treatment is complex and is selected individually, taking into account the patient’s condition, the results of laboratory tests and ultrasound data, as well as the patient’s lifestyle.
If a man has complications in the form of vesiculitis or prostatitis, in addition to antibacterial therapy after eliminating the inflammatory process, the doctor may prescribe a course of prostate massage. Two months after the end of the course of treatment, it is necessary to undergo a second examination to make sure that the disease has disappeared.
It is worth remembering that you yourself can significantly reduce the risks of contracting sexual infections by carefully observing intimate hygiene, avoiding casual sexual relations and practicing protected sexual contacts. If the infection still occurred, do not self-medicate or ignore the symptoms. It is better to immediately consult a urologist.